Brain Injury


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects the person's ability to speak, think, and process information. The extent to which TBI affects a person's ability to communicate varies widely, but many aspects of culture influence the way they approach treatment. One aspect of culture that affects how an individual deals with their TBI is the way they view external support and care. Some cultures, for example, may feel shame or embarrassment about their physical or mental impairment.
The human brain is protected by a substance called cerebrospinal fluid, which floats inside the skull. However, a violent blow to the head can push the brain against the inner wall of the skull and result in bleeding and torn brain fibers. While the majority of traumatic brain injury cases are caused by motor vehicle accidents, another leading cause is a collision with an object. Falling or body collisions are also common causes of TBI.
If your TBI was mild, the symptoms will likely be limited to headache, confusion, dizziness, fatigue, and blurred vision. Mild TBI symptoms may not be obvious immediately after the injury, but may develop several days or weeks later. Other symptoms that might be less obvious, but indicative of a TBI include ringing in the ears, bad taste in the mouth, and decreased concentration. Severe TBI can cause serious medical complications, including increased confusion and inability to wake up from sleep.
Treatment for traumatic brain injury depends on the severity of the injury. For mild TBI, the main treatment may be pain relievers such as over-the-counter medicines. Patients should gradually return to their usual activities. If these symptoms persist, they should contact their health care provider. For moderate to severe TBI, patients will be stabilized, including managing their blood pressure and monitoring the amount of oxygen in the brain. They may also undergo surgery to relieve pressure on the brain or remove hematomas.
If your injury has caused a fracture in your skull or a brain bleed, you may need to undergo a CAT scan. This simple test is incredibly useful for identifying fractures and blood clots that could be hiding inside the brain. The results of the brain injury scan are used to guide treatment. You should also inform your health care provider about any medications you are currently taking, as they could make your condition worse. In addition, you may need special care if you are a child or an elderly person. You may need to make household adaptations for these individuals.
During an accident, your brain may become bruised and damaged due to a mechanism called the coup-contrecoup. This mechanism causes the brain to bruise and tear its internal tissues, causing it to swell. The injury may result in a coma, which is pronounced COO-lesion. The depth of the coma varies from person to person. However, some patients recover from the coma and have significant disabilities.

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